Frances Killigrew

(23 November 1659 - )
     Frances Killigrew was christened on 23 November 1659 in St Gluvias, Cornwall. Daughter of Simon. She was the daughter of Simon Killigrew and Elizabeth Orell (Ross or Roose).

Frances Killigrew

(14 March 1668 - )
     Frances Killigrew was christened on 14 March 1668 in Westminster, London. She was the daughter of Charles Killigrew and Frances Willoughby.

Frances Mary Killigrew

(23 June 1748 - 20 July 1819)
     Frances Mary Killigrew was also known as Frances Maria in records. She was christened on 23 June 1748 in St Mary, St Marylebone, Westminster. She was the daughter of Captain George Augustus Killigrew.
     Frances died on 20 July 1819 in Portman Street, London, aged 71. She was buried on 30 July 1819 in St Aldwyn, Coln St Aldwyn, Gloucestershire.
     Her will was proved on 21 August 1819 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.

George Killigrew

(13 December 1664 - 20 March 1687/88)
     George Killigrew was christened on 13 December 1664 in St Margaret, Westminster, Middlesex. He was the son of Sir Peter Killigrew (2nd Bart) and Lady Frances Twisden.
     George Killigrew married Ann St Aubyn, daughter of Sir John St Aubyn (Bart) and Anne Jenkin, on 23 September 1684 in Crowan, Cornwall. She brought a portion of £5000 to the Killigrew estate, but the marriage turned out unhappily.
     George died on 20 March 1687/88 in Penryn, Cornwall, aged 23. He was killed in a tavern brawl at Penryn (at the house of a Mr Chalons, says Tonkin) by `a stab in the back' from a barrister named Walter Vincent. (See Hostory of Parliament website for further information on Him). Another account states that the skull, which was found in 1861, showed that the hole made by the rapier was clearly visible in the forehead. He was buried on 23 March 1687/88 in beneath the chancel steps in the parish church, Falmouth.

Children of George Killigrew and Ann St Aubyn

George Killigrew

(28 May 1619 - 29 June 1690)
     George Killigrew was christened on 28 May 1619 in St Margaret, Lothbury, London. He was the son of Sir Robert Killigrew and Mary Woodhouse.
     George was buried on 29 June 1690 in St Bride Fleet St, London. A George Killegrew was buried with affidavit.

George Killigrew

(10 February 1688/89 - )
     George Killigrew was christened on 10 February 1688/89 in St Bride Fleet St, London. He was the son of Edward Killigrew and Frances Unknown.

Captain George Augustus Killigrew

(2 September 1717 - before 20 August 1757)
     Captain George Augustus Killigrew was born on 2 September 1717 in Westminster, Middlesex. He was the son of Lt Col Henry Killigrew and Frances Maria Bucknall. Captain George Augustus Killigrew was christened on 7 October 1717 in St Clement Danes, Westminster, Middlesex. George Augustus, son of Colonel Henry Killigrew, Master of the Robes to the Prince? and the Lady Frances Mary his wife, was born September 2nd, baptized Octo: 7th in Norfolk Street, Godfather His Royal Highness, George Prince of Wales, and his .... the Duke of Argyll, Godmother the Rt Honorable, the Countess of Dorsett.
     He served in Col. Douglas' Regiment of Marines on 10 December 1735. The 1740 Army list: Captain George Augustus Killigrew, commission dated 10 Dec 1739, Ensign 17 Dec 1735.
     Captain George Augustus Killigrew married Isabel Orgill on 4 July 1742. Geo Augustus Killigrew of Norfolk Street, S Martin in the Fields, bachelor & Izzabel Orgil of Kingstown in the Island of Jamaica, spinster, 4 Jul 1742?.
Also: Killegrew, George Augustus of St Martin of fields, Esq, bachelor & Isabella Orgill of Kings Town in the Island of Jamaica, spinster, 4 August 1742
.
     Captain George Augustus Killigrew and Frances Vandewall obtained a marriage licence on 27 June 1753 in London.
     Captain George Augustus Killigrew married secondly Frances Vandewall after 27 June 1753.
     Capt George Augustus Killigrew to Sir R Wilmot. Scheme to dispose of his troop and retire on the half-pay of captain on the Irish establishment. Stewart Douglass willing to resign half-pay for him.
     George died before 20 August 1757 in Bond Street, Soho, Westminster.
     His will was proved on 20 August 1757 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. He was a Captain in the Regiment of Carabiniers.

Child of Captain George Augustus Killigrew and Isabella Orgill

Children of Captain George Augustus Killigrew

Grace Killigrew

(circa 1592 - circa 1592)
     Grace died circa 1592 in Cornwall, England. She was born circa 1592 in Cornwall. She was the daughter of John Killigrew and Dorothy Monk.

Grace Killigrew

     Grace Killigrew married John Tretherffe. Grace Killigrew was born in Cornwall. She was the daughter of Capt John Killigrew and Elizabeth Trewinnard.

Lt Guilford Killigrew

(circa 1690 - 18 February 1751)
     Lt Guilford Killigrew was born circa 1690. He was the son of Charles Killigrew and Jemima Bockenham.
     He served as a cornet and later Lt Col of Lord Mark Kerr's Regiment of Dragoons according to the 1740 army list and Ensign in Col. Wm Delaune's Regiment of Foot having joined... on 30 August 1708.
     In Lt Guilford Killigrew's will dated 30 May 1723, Lt Guilford Killigrew was named as executor of the estate.
     Administration of the estate of Charlotte de Hesse was granted to Lt Guilford Killigrew, on 5 June 1725.
     Killegrew v Killegrew. Bill and answer. Plaintiffs: Charles Killigrew, esq of Thornham Hall, Suffolk (eldest son of Charles Killigrew, esq deceased, late of Somerset House, Middlesex). Defendants: Guildford Killigrew, esq. Date of bill ....
     Guilford died on 18 February 1751. He left no issue. He was described as Lt Colonel of Kerr's Dragoons.
     His will was proved on 23 July 1751 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. He left his property in trust for Guilford Boyes, living under his protection, who was bap 22 Sep 1730 at Allerton in Yorkshire, as daughter of John Boyes, and apprenticed to a milliner in Manchester. A Guilfred Killigrew married on 18 Sep 1759 at Manchester Cathedral to John Wright [IGI].

Henry Killigrew

(circa 1590 - )
      Henry Killigrew was born circa 1590 in Cornwall. He was the third son and had no issue. He was aged 30 in 1620. He was the son of John Killigrew and Dorothy Monk.
     Henry died. He may have been the cadet Henry who took part in the Anglo Huguenot expedition to relieve Rouen, and was left lame for life from a wound in a foot, and was captured and imprisoned.

Henry Killigrew

(9 April 1637 - before 16 December 1705)
     Henry Killigrew was born on 9 April 1637 in St Martin in the Fields, Westminster, Middlesex. He was the son of Thomas Killigrew and Cecilia Crofts. Henry Killigrew was christened on 16 April 1637 in St Martin in the Fields.
     Henry was appointed a Groom in Extraordinary of the Bedchamber on 31 October 1674.
     Henry Killigrew married Lady Mary Savage. Henry Killigrew was an executor of Thomas Killigrew's estate on 19 March 1682/83 in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
     Henry was appointed a Groom of the Bedchamber on 19 December 1683. Henry was at the court of James II when Duke of York. "Scapegrace of the family".
     Henry died before 16 December 1705 in Soho, Westminster, Middlesex. He was buried on 16 December 1705 in St Martin in the Fields.

Children of Henry Killigrew and Lady Mary Savage

Henry Killigrew

(circa 1630 - before 9 May 1661)
     Henry Killigrew was born circa 1630. He was the son of Sir William Killigrew and Mary Hill. Henry was a merchant in St Mary in the Savoy, London, England.
     His will was proved on 20 March 1659/60 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. Will of Henry Killigrew, merchant of Savoy, Middlesex.
     Henry died before 9 May 1661 in St Mary in the Savoy, London. He left no issue.
     His will was proved on 9 May 1661 at PCC. Sentence of Henry Killegrew of St Mary le Savoy, Middlesex.

Henry Killigrew

(before 1502 - before 1533)
     Henry Killigrew lived at Wolston, Cornwall. He was born before 1502. He was the eldest son.. He was the son of Robert Killigrew and Elizabeth Morys (of Wolstane).
     Henry Killigrew married Elizabeth Bond.
     Henry died before 1533. He predeceased his father and was named in the Inquisition taken on his death..

Children of Henry Killigrew and Elizabeth Bond

Henry Killigrew

(say 1640 - )
     Henry Killigrew was born say 1640.
     Henry Killigrew married Joan Webber on 13 January 1668 in Paignton, Devon.

Child of Henry Killigrew and Joan Webber

Henry Killigrew

(say 1710 - )
     Henry Killigrew was born say 1710.
     Henry Killigrew married Mary Unknown before 1747.

Child of Henry Killigrew and Mary Unknown

Lt Col Henry Killigrew

(circa 1681 - before October 1724)
     Lt Col Henry Killigrew was born circa 1681 in London, England. He was the son of Henry Killigrew and Lady Mary Savage.
     He served as Lieutenant Colonel of Dragoons on 30 September 1710. Henry Killigrew to be Lt-Col.of Dragoons, 30 Sep 1710.
     Lt Col Henry Killigrew married Frances Maria Bucknall on 31 December 1716 in St Alban, Wood Street, London.
     Henry died before October 1724 in Middlesex, England.
     The administration of his estate was granted to Frances Maria Bucknall on 3 October 1724 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.

Children of Lt Col Henry Killigrew and Frances Maria Bucknall

Major Henry Killigrew

     Major Henry Killigrew was born. He is unlikely to be the son of the Admiral - not mentioned in major texts. He was the son of Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty and Lucy Jervoise.
     Possibly Lt Col & Captain 14 Dec 1715 of Brig Dormers's Regt of Dragoons in the 1715 Army list [PROK]. Tregellas p.188, queries whether he was the Major in Lord Staffordshire's Royal Regt of Dragoons.
     A Henry, son of Henry was baptised at Paignton, Devon on 21 Aug 1721. This was likely to be the son of Henry who married Elizabeth Courtisse on 28 Feb 1711 there. This Henry is likely to be a son of the Henry who married Joan Webber there in 1668.
     He is not mentioned by Vivian as a son of the Admiral.

Major Henry Killigrew

(circa 1620 - 1644)
     Major Henry Killigrew was born circa 1620 in Essex. He was the son of Sir Henry Killigrew and Jemima Bael.
     Henry matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford University, on 16 March 1636/37. Henry Killigrew, born Essex, son of Henry of Larick, Cornwall, armiger. Matric. 16 March 1637/8 aged 16.
     Major Henry Killigrew made a will dated 1644. 12 Jan 1695 Copy of Writ of Error and Transcript of Record brought in this day (Lords Journals, XV. 460), together with Tenor of Judgment given on 19 Feb (ib. 499 in extenso). Sir Henry Killigrew in 1644 made a Will leaving his property, the Manor of Laurack and Barton of Juts, Cornwall, and lands in the Lindsey Level in Lincolnshire, and other property, to his cousin Jane Berkley, by whose virtuous conversation he had been reclaimed from many vices to which both by nature and custom he was made subject, the lands in Lincolnshire to be hers and her heirs' for ever, the other lands, after her death, to go to his natural son Henry Killigrew alias Henry Hill and his heirs male, failing whom to his nephew Sir Joseph Seymour. He also made a later Will, the purport of which was unknown. After his death Mrs. Berkley demised the Manor and Rectory of Laurack and other property in the parishes of Laurack, St Jermen's, Quethiocke, St Ive, Kellington and St Stephens near Saltash to Edward Nosworthy during her life, whose son and heir Edward transferred them to John Hitchins, the Plaintiff. Sir William Bassett, Knt., the son and heir of Elizabeth Bassett, daughter and heiress of Sir Joseph Killigrew, Knt., Sir Henry's elder brother, ejected Hitchins, as heir to Sir Henry Killigrew, and Hitchins sued him for trespass.
     Henry died in 1644 in Bridgewater, Somerset. He had no issue.

Sir Henry Killigrew

(circa 1528 - 16 March 1602/3)
     Sir Henry Killigrew was born circa 1528 in 'Arwenack', Budock, Cornwall.
     b. c.1528, 4th s. of John Killigrew of Arwennack by Elizabeth, da. of James Trewennard of St. Erth; bro. of John I and William. educ. ?Camb. bef. 1541. m. (1) 4 Nov. 1565, Catherine (d.1583), da. of Sir Anthony Cooke of Gidea Hall, Essex, 4da; (2) 7 Nov. 1590, Jaél de Peigne, 3s. 1da. Kntd. 1591.2. He was the son of Capt John Killigrew and Elizabeth Trewinnard.
     Henry matriculated at Cambridge University. He was probably educated at Cambridge and studied the classics, French and Italian.
     Sir Henry Killigrew was employed as a gentleman servant in the household of John Dudley, Viscount Listle and later Duke of Northumberland in 1545.
     More information about Sir Henry Killigrew may be found at http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/killigrew-henry-1528-1603. Henry was a diplomat . He was a diplomat and ambassador. MP Launceston 18 Feb 1552/3, Truro 1571, 1572-82. Employed by Queen Elizabeth on several missions, notably to Scotland 1558-66, 1572-91. He was knighted 22 Nov 1591. Benefactor to Emanuel College, Cambridge. He was also pardoned with Sir John Killigrew and Peter Killigrew; 15 Jan (1 Eliz) - The brothers John, Henry & Peter Killigrew were pardoned :"Peter Killegrew, etc. of Arwenack, co. Cornwall, gentleman, alias of London, 'mercer'".
Henry Killigrew of Arwenack, was pardoned with his brothers Peter & John of Arwenack in the first year of the reign of Elizabeth (15 Jan 1559).
     4 May 1559: Committment to John Killigrew the younger & Henry Killigrew his brother, custody of Alexander Arundell, son & heir of John Arundell of Talverne, co. Cornwall & Richard Arundell, Alexander's brother, idiots from birth ....
     Sir Henry Killigrew married Katherine Cooke on 4 November 1565 in Gidea Hall, Romford?, Essex.
     In James Killigrew's will dated 12 January 1566/67 in St Budock, Cornwall, England, Sir Henry Killigrew was named as heir; I James Killigrewe of the parish of Budock in the county of Cornwall being in my bodye and of ... remembrance thanks be to God make this my ... last will and testament the xiith of January the ninth year and of our Sovereign Lady Elizabeth by the grace of God Queen of England, France & Ireland and defender of the faith. First I bequeath my soule into hands of God my heavenly father and ... I bequeath my body to the grave in... and I bequeath... of my godsonne Symon Killygrew tenne? pounds? John Chamberlyne ... and to my god daughter Mary ... twenty shillings and I bequeath to Robert my ... forty shillings and to Harry my ... forty shillings and to Mondaye his sonne twenty shillings and I bequeath to my sister Anne Penrose fortye shillings and to ... and B... ... each of them twentye shillings ... and for the ... ... of ... bequeath .......... and I bequeath to my dear friend .... and .... and to my friend Robert Taylor my nephew Harrye Killygrew ... xxs for his paynes I bequeath to my sister Killigrew Tenne shillings to my cozen Mary Killigrew tenne shillings to my cosen Marget Godolfing tenne shillings, Ellen Killigrew tenne shillings and to Mary & Katherine Killigrew tenne shillings & ... and to ... tenne shillings and I bequeath to my cosen Alexander Killygrew twentye shillings and to Leonard? ... Phillip ... fourtye shillings divided between them and I give all the rest of my goods not bequeathed to my brother John Killygrew who ... & make my .... executor of this my last will & testament to devide any .... as he may feel ... Probatum... London 26 Nov to John Killygrew ...      
Sir Henry Killigrew was the Member of Parliament.
b. 1525/30, 4th s. of John Killigrew of Arwennack, by Elizabeth, da. of James Trewynnard of St. Erth, Cornw; bro. of John and William. educ. ?Camb. m. (1) 4 Nov. 1565, Catherine (d.1583), da. of Sir Anthony Cooke of Gidea Hall, Essex, 4da; (2) 7 Nov. 1590, Jáel de Peigne, 3s. 1da. Kntd. 20 Nov. 1591.2 in 1571 and 1572-1582 for Truro, Cornwall.
     He was possibly the Henry Killigrew mentioned at Carsnew Manor in 1585 Wherof paid out for the rents to the lord of Penryn Foryn 14/10 ... To Henry Killigrewe 10/0.
     Sir Henry Killigrew married secondly Jael de Peigne on 7 November 1590 in St Peter Le Poer, London, England. Maister Henry Killigrey & Mistries Jael de Peigne, a French woman.
     Signet bills [Index library v.4]] - Henry, warrant July 1591, June 1601 (wife's denization); Sir Henry, office Aug 1602 & May 1603.
See Dictionary of National Biography for further details: http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/15533.
He fathered a bastard child while at Court, but was hypocritical enough to say in another's case it was "good warning sof God's displeasure".
     Sir Henry Killigrew made a will dated 30 April 1602 in London. Sir Henry Killigrew of London, Knight. Will dated 30 April 1602, proved 6 April 1603, by the relict Dame Jael Killigrew.y brother William Killigrew. My wife Jael. My sons Joseph, Robert & Henry. Manor of Lanrache. My brother in law Sir Francis Godolphin..My daughter Jael.
     Henry died on 16 March 1602/3 in Larach, Cornwall.
     His will was proved on 16 April 1603 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. Sir Henry Killigrew of London, Knight. Will dated 30 April 1602, proved 6 April 1603, by the relict Dame Jael Killigrewl.
     Sir Henry Killigrew was the subject of an Inquisition Post Mortem held in Bodmin, Cornwall, on 5 October 1603 Inquisition held at Bodmin in the presence of Johnathan Trelawney, knight; Thomas Lower, gentleman; John Hender, esquire; John Harrys, esquire; Thomas Treffrye esquire; John Deble, esquire; escheator of Cornwall and Edmund Douriche, gentleman feodary of the same with full powers by virtue of a commission of the Lord King in the nature of a writ of 'diem clausit extremum', after the death of Henry Killigrew, deceased, directed to them and to Thomas Dotson, esquire; Richard Couch, esquire; George Carnesew, gentleman; John Trubody, gentleman; John Upton, gentleman; Stephen Toker, gentleman; Peter Leach, gentleman;John Beaford, gentleman; Richard Crossman, gentleman; George Lobb; John Carlion; John Coke; Thomas Wythiell; John Chappell. Property: manor of Landrake; manor of Botlet, alias Botlete; [Boconnoc, Lanreath and St Pinnock] manor of Trencreke; [Creed]; messuage, garden, orchard in Pallawin, alias Penhalwin [Panhalyn in Jacobstow]; lands formerly the possession of the dissolved priory of Truro under the prioir Jeffrey; two messuages, gardens and orchards in Penryn; all which lands the said Henry Killigrew, by his indented charter of 3 Feb 1598, entered on the rolls on 22 Feb 1603 did concede, bargain and sell unto Francis Godolphin, knight; William Killigrew of Hanwoorthe, esquire; Richard Carew of Antony, esquire; William Treffrye of Fowey, esquire; and Richard Gedye their heirs and assigns in perpetuity, being in trust for the use and benefit of the said Henry Killigrew throughout his life and after his death in the performance of his last will and testament. Heir: Joseph Killigrew, esquire, the son of Henry Killigrew. In Latin..
     -Luke MacMahon wrote: ‘Killigrew, Sir Henry (1525x8-1603)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/15533, accessed 24 Sept 2005]Killigrew, Sir Henry (1525x8-1603), diplomat, was the fourth son of John Killigrew (d. 1568), landowner of Arwennack, Cornwall, and his wife, Elizabeth, second daughter of James Trewennard. His brothers included the MPs John Killigrew (d. 1584) and Sir William Killigrew (d. 1622). Based in Cornwall since the mid-thirteenth century the Killigrews owned land in the parish of St Erme near Truro, although the family seat at Arwennack, where Henry Killigrew was most likely born, was not established until 1385. By the reign of Henry VIII the Killigrews were well placed among the west country gentry, John Killigrew being entrusted by the king with the sensitive office of captain of Pendennis Castle. Henry Killigrew may well have attended Cambridge University, although there is no evidence that he ever obtained a degree. Nevertheless he was certainly educated to a high standard. In addition to a thorough grounding in classical languages and literature and a keen interest in music and painting, he possessed a strong grasp of both Italian and French.
Early career and exile, 1552–1558
Killigrew's career as a public servant began in 1552 with his appointment as harbourmaster for the duchy of Cornwall, the same year that he received the office of collector of rents for the manor of Helston, Cornwall. On 18 February 1553 he was returned as MP for Launceston. No doubt in part this small but useful collection of offices reflected the natural expectations that even a younger son born to a well connected landowning family might reasonably have. It also demonstrated the value of holding the correct religious sympathies under a particular regime. He was already known to John Dudley, duke of Northumberland, for his service to him as a gentleman usher in the mid-1540s, and the strong protestant faith evinced by Killigrew and his family did much to bolster their popularity with the government.

Killigrew's Dudley association did not extend to support for Northumberland's efforts to alter the succession. Killigrew and his family made no effort to oppose Mary's accession. Only when it became clear that a corner-stone of the Counter-Reformation in England would be the queen's marriage to Philip of Spain did Killigrew and his brothers repudiate their allegiance. By December 1553 Killigrew had travelled to the French court to seek the support of Henri II for a planned rising. When this rising failed the French king swiftly distanced himself from the affair, leaving Killigrew and his co-conspirators adrift and exiled. Killigrew remained in Europe until Elizabeth I's accession. By mid-1554 he had joined the household of the protestant François de Vendôme, vidame de Chartres. It was in this capacity that Killigrew gained his first military experience, fighting with the vidame in Italy, experience that was augmented when he once again fought for the French at St Quentin in August 1557. Ironically, another facet of Killigrew's development largely formed during his exile was a strong distrust of the French. For all that he and his fellow exiles were welcomed into the French army, once their usefulness as rebels was exhausted Henri and his advisers treated them with thinly veiled contempt. This poor treatment cemented in Killigrew an enduring dislike of the French that coloured his attitude towards them during his time as a leading Elizabethan diplomat. Most important, it was during this period that he gained invaluable experience of European courts. In addition to the many contacts he made in France he spent time in Italy, not only as part of the vidame's forces, but also in 1556 on a sensitive mission to Edward Courteney, earl of Devonshire, seeking to gain his commitment to lead yet another rebellion against Mary. When this proved unsuccessful, and no doubt heartily disillusioned with his French hosts, Killigrew travelled to Germany and took up residence in Strasbourg. It was there in November 1557 that Thomas Randolph found him, and on Mary's behalf requested that he perform a reconnaissance mission in France. It was significant that this request was apparently made with the full knowledge of Princess Elizabeth. Having completed the mission Killigrew returned to Strasbourg, where he remained until Mary's death. The earlier suggestion that Elizabeth was aware of both Killigrew and his suitability for diplomatic work was confirmed when shortly after her accession the young queen summoned him back to London as a prelude to dispatching him as her envoy to the protestant princes of Germany.
France and Scotland: diplomat and soldier, 1558–1563
Throughout the thirty-five years that Killigrew served Elizabeth as agent and ambassador the focus of his work was to protect England from the encroachment of Catholic Spain and France. By turns ordered to sow dissent among Catholics and forge consensus between protestants, Killigrew's abiding inspiration and succour was his profound protestant faith. Within months of his return to England he was sent on a low-key mission to Otto-Heinrich, the elector palatine, and Christoph, duke of Württemberg, with the aim of re-establishing friendly relations between Germany's protestant princes and England. When he arrived in Heidelberg in December 1558 Killigrew's enthusiasm was such that he may have given the mistaken impression that Elizabeth was actually seeking an alliance with the princes, much to the queen's irritation. Even so, the mission was not entirely fruitless. In addition to signalling England's readiness to reopen communications with Germany's protestant princes, Killigrew also held useful discussions with the new elector palatine, Friedrich III, and his son John Casimir, about the possibility of supplying Elizabeth with mercenaries.

From Germany Killigrew travelled to France to meet his old master, the vidame, now the governor of Calais. His objective was to discuss with him the possibility of the French reinstating Calais to English rule. Killigrew was gulled by the vidames into believing that Henri might entertain such a proposal. He duly forwarded this misinformation both to Elizabeth at court and to her commissioners at Câteau-Cambrésis before arriving at Câteau-Cambrésis himself. There he was promptly detained by the leader of the French negotiators, Anne de Montmorency, constable of France, who took a decidedly dim view of his interference. Killigrew contributed nothing more to the peace talks. He remained in detention until peace was signed after which the constable, no doubt confident that his charge could do no more damage, released him, allowing Killigrew to return home by late March 1559.
Killigrew's homecoming was brief. In May he was dispatched to Paris to serve as secretary to Elizabeth's resident ambassador in France, Sir Nicholas Throckmorton. After Henri died on 10 July 1559 as a result of a jousting accident, leaving the ultra-Catholic Guise faction in control of the French crown, the central aim of the English ambassador and his attaché was to minimize the ability of France to threaten England through her support of Scotland. To this end they gave what tacit support they could to the Huguenot leaders with the hope of further destabilizing France. Additionally they sought, through the dispatch of reports detailing the dangers of further French involvement in Scotland, to persuade the queen and her advisers of the necessity of lending tangible aid to the lords of the congregation. Given the continued presence of French troops in Scotland and the ongoing efforts to increase their numbers, the reports of Throckmorton and Killigrew were sufficient to convince Elizabeth of the need for action. In March 1560 she ordered William Grey, thirteenth Baron Grey of Wilton, to lead an army to Berwick where it would ready itself to aid the lords of the congregation in their siege of the French garrison in Leith. Ever cautious, however, Elizabeth also attempted to secure a peaceful resolution, acquiescing to the dispatch of a French envoy, Jean de Monluc, bishop of Valence, to Scotland in the hope that he might yet broker an agreement between the regent, Mary de Guise, and the rebels. Both to act as escort, and to ensure that Monluc did not stray from his remit, Killigrew was appointed to accompany him. The two men arrived in Scotland in April, but due largely to the intransigence of both parties the talks came to nothing. In consequence the Anglo-Scottish force assaulted Leith and was duly repulsed with heavy losses. Arriving in London on the same day as the unfortunate news, Killigrew was one of those to bear the queen's wrath. However, his fall from grace was brief. The treaty of Edinburgh and the withdrawal of French troops from Scotland vindicated the hardline policy that Killigrew had so energetically urged upon Elizabeth and the zealous diplomat was once more restored to favour.
For two years Killigrew remained in England, with Sir Robert Dudley acting as his patron. Then in August 1562 he was once again called upon to travel to France. In the aftermath of Henri's death and with the support of the dowager queen, Catherine de' Medici, the Guise opposition to the Huguenot cause was proving implacable. By autumn 1562 the Huguenots had been confined to a handful of strongholds to which their enemies were consistently and successfully laying siege. In sending Killigrew to Normandy, Elizabeth sought to discover the strength of the Huguenot forces and fortifications, and whether, in return for her military and financial support, their leaders would be prepared to cede Calais to the English. With extreme reluctance the French rebels agreed that, in return for an army of 6000 men and a gift of a million crowns, they would permit the English to garrison Newhaven (Le Havre) and Dieppe until such time as they were in a position to restore Calais. At the beginning of October Sir Adrian Poynings sailed with the 1500 strong vanguard of the expeditionary force to Le Havre, where Killigrew awaited him. Without official sanction, but quite possibly with the tacit approval of the queen, Killigrew, in company with Thomas Leighton, immediately set out from Le Havre at the head of a 400 strong Anglo-French force intent upon bringing aid to the Huguenots besieged at Rouen. Their effort proved to be too little too late. Having gained entry to the city Killigrew and Leighton's force could do nothing but forestall the inevitable. Rouen fell on 26 October, and Killigrew was one of the few Englishmen captured who was not subsequently hanged. He became the captive of Henri d'Anville de Montmorency, son of the constable. After the payment of a considerable ransom, Killigrew returned home in May 1563.
Triumph in Scotland, 1563–1575
In recognition of Killigrew's work in Scotland he was appointed in June 1561 to the lucrative office of teller of the exchequer. In addition to the salary of £33 6s. 8d. Killigrew and his three colleagues were responsible for the receipt and dispersal of nearly all the exchequer's revenue, providing them with the opportunity to make considerable profits from short-term speculation. It was another sixteen years before Killigrew received his next appointment, when, in 1577, he was made receiver of piracy fines. Finally, in 1580 Elizabeth appointed him surveyor of the royal armoury. Undoubtedly these offices provided Killigrew with a healthy income, much needed to subsidize the relatively poor diets he received as an ambassador—on average £2 per day; they did not, however, make him an influential figure within the government. He was MP for Saltash in Cornwall in 1563 but did little in parliament. Throughout Elizabeth's reign Killigrew's best hope of exercising influence rested in his relationships with the queen's great favourites, his long time patron, Dudley (now earl of Leicester), and from the later 1560s Killigrew's brother-in-law, Sir William Cecil (1520/21-1598). On 4 November 1565 Killigrew married Katherine [see Killigrew, Katherine (c.1542-1583)], fifth daughter of gentleman and scholar Sir Anthony Cooke (1505/6-1576), royal tutor, of Gidea Hall, Essex, and his wife, Anne. The marriage, for all the advantages it conveyed to the young diplomat, was apparently one of love. The couple had four daughters. Sir Nicholas Bacon (1510-1579), lord keeper, was an influential brother-in-law, but the most important connection was with Cecil. The link to Cecil, originally little to the principal secretary's liking, ultimately secured for Killigrew the support of the most influential man in England.
Barring two brief missions to Scotland in 1566 and 1567 Killigrew remained in England for more than six years after his ill-starred military escapades in France. His next diplomatic mission, begun in February 1569, took him once again to Heidelberg. In response to an overture made by Friedrich III, Killigrew travelled to Germany to explore the possibility of a defensive alliance and discuss conditions under which the queen might grant a loan of 100,000 crowns in order to finance a protestant military expedition against the Low Countries and France. The mission, to which Killigrew was strongly committed, foundered on the reluctance of Friedrich's German allies to form a confederation with a foreign power, and Elizabeth's fear that too close an association with the protestant princes might well serve simply to draw the wrath of the Catholic powers directly upon her. Killigrew was returned as MP for Truro in 1571 and 1572 and was more active on committees than in previous parliaments, including sitting on one concerned with Mary, queen of Scots (12 May 1572).

On 24 August 1572 thousands of Huguenots were killed in the St Bartholomew's day massacre. This did much to convince Elizabeth and her privy councillors that once free of civil war France might well make a determined effort to restore Catholicism to England, as ever using Scotland to facilitate its efforts. To avoid this it would be vital to ensure that Scotland was united under a strong protestant government. To this end Killigrew, recently returned from France, where for the previous three years he had been serving as secretary to the resident ambassador, Sir Francis Walsingham, was dispatched to Edinburgh. His instructions were to broker a peace between the regency government of James VI, headed by John Erskine, first earl of Mar, and James Douglas, fourth earl of Morton, and the supporters of Mary, Sir William Kirkcaldy of Grange and William Maitland of Lethington. He was instructed to persuade the regency government to take custody of Mary, who was then a prisoner in England, and then arrange her execution as expeditiously as possible, thus relieving Elizabeth of the unwholesome task.

The mission, probably the most challenging of Killigrew's career, also witnessed his greatest success. The ambassador could only get Mar and Morton to connive at the judicial murder of Mary if Elizabeth openly supported them in the act. However, Killigrew was considerably more successful in other respects. Mar died on 29 October 1572, leaving a power vacuum in the regency government. His natural successor, Morton, was disinclined to accept the role without financial and, preferably also, military support from England. Killigrew tried to convince Morton in mid-December that the demands the latter had made were about to be met by Elizabeth. However, Morton was dubious and refused to give way to Killigrew's persuasions that he declare himself governor without firm support in money and military aid from England, which he got. On 31 December the ten-month truce between the two Scottish factions expired and the possibility of renewed conflict seemed great. The leaders of the Scottish queen's party, Kirkcaldy and Maitland, from their position of relative strength in Edinburgh Castle, resisted all Killigrew's attempts to make peace. However, the ambassador had considerably more success with their allies beyond the city. In February 1573 he met the leaders of the two parties, excluding Kirkcaldy and Maitland, at Leith and successfully negotiated an agreement by which the Marians accepted the rule of the regency government in return for liberal concessions on the part of the king. Having helped both to secure the appointment of Morton as governor and to isolate the opposition leaders it only remained for Killigrew to secure the English military support necessary to reduce Edinburgh Castle. This he finally gained in April when Sir William Drury, captain of Berwick, led a force of 1500 men and thirty-three pieces of artillery to Edinburgh. Finally, on 26 May the garrison surrendered. Maitland died in prison on 9 June and Kirkcaldy was executed on 3 August. Due in no small part to the unrelenting efforts of Killigrew, opponents of the regency were either broken or won over, and the danger of a Franco-Scottish alliance eliminated. Over the next two years Killigrew performed two further embassies to Scotland in which he made every effort to nurture Anglo-Scottish relations and support Morton's regency. Elizabeth recalled him in September 1575, bringing to an end the most productive period of his diplomatic career.
Final years, 1575–1603
Aside from his lucrative work as teller of the exchequer, Killigrew was also called upon to offer advice on diplomatic affairs and to act as interpreter and companion to high-ranking foreign guests. His long service to Elizabeth did not go unrewarded. In recognition of his work in Scotland he was granted the manor of Lanreath, Cornwall, in May 1573. The following year Killigrew added to his Cornish holdings with the purchase of the manor of Bottlet from Henry Hastings, third earl of Huntingdon, for £3600. Additionally, he owned an estate in Hendon in Middlesex and a house next to St Paul's churchyard. His position as a significant landowner was reflected in his involvement in local government. In addition to serving as MP for Truro (elected in 1571 and 1572), between about 1579 and 1587 he served on the quorum of the peace for Cornwall. Much of his personal life seems to have been devoted to the management of his estates and correspondence with his puritan friends such as Elizabeth's resident ambassador to the Netherlands, William Davison, and his patrons Burghley and Leicester. In December 1584 his daughter Anne (d. 1632) married Henry Neville (1561/2-1615) of Wargrave in Berkshire. He was the first of several sons-in-law with whom Killigrew got on well.

In November 1585 Killigrew was summoned to perform his penultimate foreign mission, as one of Leicester's key advisers in the Netherlands. For all that the earl commanded an English relief force that represented one of the best hopes of the states general to defeat the Spanish, his high-handed manner and divisive policies made bitter opponents of the Dutch leaders. As one of Leicester's most senior advisers Killigrew shared in this odium. His situation became still less comfortable when Leicester appointed him joint head of the new chamber of finance in July 1586. Killigrew's main responsibilities were to investigate corruption among the Dutch leadership and to impede commercial activities between the Provinces and their Spanish enemies. Relief came when in November he followed Leicester back to England. In June 1587 he returned to the Low Countries, but unlike Leicester, who received his final recall in November, Killigrew remained with the Dutch for another year. With Leicester's departure he became the most senior civilian English representative in the Netherlands. This was a somewhat empty honour given the distrust and resentment with which the English were regarded by the Dutch leaders, in particular Paul Buys and Johan Oldenbarnevelt. Much of Killigrew's remaining time in the Netherlands was devoted to undoing Leicester's work and seeking to make peace between the states general and those towns that had rejected its authority. Killigrew's long-sought recall finally came in January 1589, largely the result of his continuing unpopularity with the Dutch leaders; it was also an acknowledgement that one of Elizabeth's longest serving diplomats was now both old and tired.
Killigrew's final foreign mission, begun in July 1591, as part of an English expeditionary force sent to assist Henri of Navarre in his siege of Rouen, saw him serving as adviser to Robert Devereux, second earl of Essex, and in company with his old comrade, Leighton, attempting to restrain the incautious young general. He was also responsible for much of the logistical organization of the 3400 strong army. Despite his age and growing infirmity Killigrew seems to have performed this latter duty with considerable competence. He went to great lengths to ensure that the army was fed and discipline maintained, as well as expending much effort and money in arranging for the sick to be transported home. Neither he nor Leighton were able to stop Essex treating the campaign as something of an adventure, nevertheless, the general made clear his gratitude for Killigrew's efforts when he knighted the old diplomat on 20 November, a week before his return to England.
Killigrew largely retired from public service. He retained the tellership of the exchequer until March 1599, and occasionally returned to court to participate in diplomatic negotiations. Katherine Killigrew died on 27 December 1583, and her widower married a Frenchwoman, Jaél de Peigne (d. 1617×34), on 7 November 1590. The couple had three sons, Joseph, Henry, and Robert, and one daughter. Killigrew intervened on behalf of Neville in early 1601, who had become embroiled in Essex's revolt. Killigrew died on 2 March 1603 and was buried in London at St Margaret, Lothbury. His will, proved on 16 April, provided annuities for his wife and two younger sons totalling £140, as well as further bequests to them with a value of £1700
Sources
A. C. Miller, Sir Henry Killigrew, Elizabethan soldier and diplomat (1963) · CSP for., 1547–88 · CSP dom., 1547–1603 · R. B. Wernham, Before the Armada: the growth of English foreign policy, 1485–1588 (1966) · J. Warren, Elizabeth I, religion and foreign affairs (1993) · HoP, Commons, 1509–58, 2.466–7 · HoP, Commons, 1558–1603, 2.394–5 · J. L. Vivian, ed., The visitations of Cornwall, comprising the herald's visitations of 1530, 1573, and 1620 (1887) · D. Trim, ‘“The foundation stone of the British army?” The Normandy campaign of 1562’, Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research, 77 (1999), 77–86 · G. R. Hewitt, Scotland under Morton, 1572–80 (1982)
Archives
PRO, corresp., PRO 30/50 | BL, Cotton MSS, corresp. · BL, Harley MSS, papers
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There was probably another daughter Elizabeth, who married Sir Sir Maurice Berkeley, of Bruton, b. 1577 and had the following children: >
1. Charles Berkeley, 2nd Viscount FitzHardinge, b. 14 Dec 1599
2. Sir William Berkeley, Governor of Virginia, b. 1605
3. John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, b. est 1607
.

Children of Sir Henry Killigrew and Katherine Cooke

Children of Sir Henry Killigrew and Jael de Peigne

Sir Henry Killigrew

(circa 1598 - 27 September 1646)
     Sir Henry Killigrew was born circa 1598 in Cornwall. He was the second son and not yet 21 in 1617.. He was the son of Sir Henry Killigrew and Jael de Peigne.
     He was named in his parents wills and his brother Sir Joseph's of 1615.
     Henry matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford University, on 28 April 1615. Sir Henry Killigrew, of Cornwall, militis fil. Queens College, matric. 28 April 1615 aged 17; a student of Grays Inn 1617 (as of London, esq.), second son of Sir Henry of London.
     Sir Henry Killigrew married Jemima Bael. Sir Henry Killigrew was knighted on 15 August 1625.      
Sir Henry Killigrew was the Member of Parliament from 1640 to January 1644 for West Looe, Cornwall, England.
     Henry died on 27 September 1646 in St Malo, Cornwall. He was buried on 3 October 1646 in St Heliers, Jersey, Channel Islands.

Child of Sir Henry Killigrew and Jemima Bael

Sir Henry Killigrew

(4 April 1665 - before December 1711)
     Sir Henry Killigrew was christened on 4 April 1665 in St Martin in the Fields, Westminster. He was the son of Sir Robert Killigrew and Barbara Unknown (Killigrew).
     Henry died before December 1711 in St Giles in the Fields, London. He left no issue.
     The administration of his estate was granted on 10 December 1711 at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. Administration was granted to Richard Fleming, principal creditor.

Henry Killigrew DD

(11 February 1612/13 - 14 March 1699/0)
      Henry Killigrew DD was born on 11 February 1612/13 in Hanworth, Middlesex. He was aged 10 in 1622. 5th son of Sir Robert, chamberlain to the Queen. He was the son of Sir Robert Killigrew and Mary Woodhouse. Henry Killigrew DD was christened on 16 February 1612/13 in Hanworth.
     Henry Killigrew DD was mentioned in the will of Margaret or Margery Saunders (Leigh) dated 22 May 1623.
     Henry matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford University, on 5 July 1632. He was educated at St Giles Cripplegate by celebrated schoolmaster Farnaby. Thence to Christ Church, Oxford when 16, B.A. 5 July 1632, M.A. 1638. DD 1642.
     Henry Killigrew DD was mentioned in the will of Sir Robert Killigrew dated 12 September 1632. Henry was a clergyman. Preceptor to James II and a chaplain to the Kings Army. Canon of Westminster 1660, prebendary of the twelth stall at Westminster and rector of Wheathamsted where there are some family tombs. In 1667 made Master of the Savoy and Almoner to His Royal Highness. Upon the outbreak of civil war in 1642 he became chaplain to the King's army and in November was created D.D. at Oxford. ... He resigned the Rectory in 1673 in favour of Dr John Lambe, husband of his daughter Elizabeth, who died on 28 Oct 1701 in her fifty-first year. According to some writers the final ruin of the Savoy Hospital was the result of Killigrew's improvidence and greed. A bill was passed in in 1697 abolishing its privileges of santuary. The hospital was leased out in tenements, and the master appropriated the profits; among the leases granted was one (1699) to Henry Killigrew, the patentee of Drury Lane theatre, for his lodgings in the Savoy, at a rent 1l. a year for 40 years. Killigrew and other masters granted licenses of marriage. ....
     Henry Killigrew DD married Judith Unknown.
     Married twice, his widow continued living at the Savoy.
     1664 - Henry Killigrew S.T.P., Master of St Mary le Savoy Hospital, London v.
John Kirk re legacy of Lewis Kirk A4 f12. 1669 Thomas Kentish & Rose Woolley v. Sir John Gerrard I Henry R Killigrew, Rector of Wethhamptsted, Hunts (Archdeaconry of Hunts) A.C.
See Oxford Dictionary of National Biography for further information: www.oxforddnb.com/.
     Henry died on 14 March 1699/0 in Savoy, London, aged 87.

Children of Henry Killigrew DD

Children of Henry Killigrew DD and Judith Unknown

Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty

(circa 1652 - 9 November 1712)
     More information about Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty may be found at http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1690-1715/member/killigrew-henry-1652-1712 and the Dictionary of National Biography online for further information.
      He was born circa 1652 in St Martin's Lane, Westminster, Middlesex. He was the son of Henry Killigrew DD and Judith Unknown.
     Henry served in the Royal Navy.
     He served as a Captain in the Navy in December 1673.
     Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty married Lucy Jervoise circa February 1692. The marriage licence was dated 9 Feb 1692 (aged 40).
     In Capt James Killigrew's will dated 5 December 1694, Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty was named as executor of the estate. He was an executor of Capt James Killigrew's estate on 15 March 1694/95 in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
     Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty lived at St Julians, Hertfordshire, 16 May 1697.      
Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty was In 1702 he stood for the parliamentary election for the Borough of Hindon, Wilts, but he lost to Sir James How
KILLIGREW, Henry (c.1652-1712), of St. Julians, nr. St. Albans, Herts. Constituency
Dates
STOCKBRIDGE 1702 - 1705 , ST. ALBANS 24 Nov. 1705 - 1708

b. c.1652, s. of Henry Killigrew, DD, canon of Westminster, master of the Savoy Hosp., London by his wife Judith. m. lic. 9 Feb. 1692 (aged 40), Lucy, da. of Thomas Jervoise of Herriard, Hants, sister of Thomas Jervoise*, 1s. 3da.1 between 1702 and 1708.
     Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty made a will dated 8 December 1704 in Hertfordshire.
     Henry died on 9 November 1712 in St Albans, Hertfordshire. See Oxford Dictionary of National Biography for further information: www.oxforddnb.com.
     His will was proved on 20 December 1712 at PCC. Will of Henry Killigrew of Saint Julien Saint Stephen, Hertfordshire.

Children of Henry Killigrew Lord of Admiralty and Lucy Jervoise