Thomas Edward MacKenzie

(13 December 1879 - 21 March 1945)
     Thomas Edward MacKenzie was commonly known as Tom. He was born on 13 December 1879 in Macks Creek, Won Wron, Victoria. He was the son of William MacKenzie and Lily Weston.
     Thomas served in the military from 10 March 1916. He was a soldier doing 'home service', as this was 3 days before his father died, he may have been required at home and unable to travel overseas.
     Tom was kicked in the leg by a horse which led to mental problems and he was an inmate of Mont Park.
     Thomas died on 21 March 1945 in the hospital, Yarram, Victoria, aged 65. He was buried on 23 March 1945 in Yarram.
     The administration of his estate was granted on 12 July 1945.

Thomas George MacKenzie

(1865 - 18 May 1954)
     Thomas George MacKenzie was commonly known as TG. He was born in 1865 in Port Albert, Victoria. He was the son of Donald Thomson MacKenzie and Mary Ann Hodgson. Ran McKenzi's Royal Mail line of coaches.
     Thomas George MacKenzie married Annie Littlejohn Fraser on 8 June 1904 in Rosedale, Victoria. M'KENZIE—FRASER. — On the 8th June at the Presbyterian Church Rosedale by the Rev R Mitchell? Thomas George eldest son of D T M'Kenzie, "Calrossie" Yarram to Annie Littlejohn eldest daughter of D Fraser "Karadoc", Rosedale.
     Thomas was registered as Thomas George McKenzie, farmer in Won Wron, Victoria, on the electoral roll dated from 1908 to 1931.
     Thomas George MacKenzie travelled to England in 1920. He took a cargo ship.
     Thomas George MacKenzie and Annie Littlejohn Fraser travelled to Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, on 1 November 1929 per the "Cathay. They travelled second class, their last address in the UK being 53 Queensboruogh Terrace, London W2".
     Thomas was registered as a farmer in Yarram, Victoria, on the electoral roll dated 1934.
     Thomas was registered as a grazier in Yarram on the electoral roll dated between 1935 and 1936. Thomas retired from the South Gippsland Creamery etc in Yarram in March 1948.
     Thomas was registered as a farmer of Calrossie in Alberton on the electoral roll dated 1949.
     Thomas died on 18 May 1954 in Port Albert, Victoria. MCKENZIE, Thomas George, of Calrossie. - On May 18, at Port Albert, beloved husband of Annie, loving father of Molly (Mrs. W. Macaulay), Jessie (Mrs. D. McLeod), and Jean (Mrs. K. K. Luck), in his 90th year . He was buried on 20 May 1954 in the Presbyterian section, Alberton. Memorial at Alberton: In loving memory of Thomas George McKenzie (of Calrossie) 1865-1954) and his wife Annie Littlejohn 1874-1956.
     His will was proved on 27 September 1954 in Victoria. Thomas George McKenzie, of' Port Albert, retired grazier, who died on May l8, left estate valued at £67,747 to his' widow and family.

Children of Thomas George MacKenzie and Annie Littlejohn Fraser

Three daughters MacKenzie

     Three daughters MacKenzie was the daughter of Sir Roderick MacKenzie.

Three sons MacKenzie

     Three sons MacKenzie was the son of Alexander MacKenzie (of Kilcoy).

Una Holm MacKenzie

(circa 1909 - 22 November 1959)
Gravestone of Lovat Reay Mackenzie & his sister Una Holm Mackenzie
     Una Holm MacKenzie was born circa 1909. She was the daughter of Donald Alexander MacKenzie and Elizabeth Fraser. Una was Matron of a RAF hospital.
     Una died on 22 November 1959. She was buried in the Gaelic churchyard, Cromarty.

Vera Mary Catherine MacKenzie

(20 September 1905 - 11 November 1979)
     Vera Mary Catherine MacKenzie was born on 20 September 1905 in Macks Creek, Won Wron, Victoria. She was the daughter of William MacKenzie and Mary Appleyard.
     Vera Mary Catherine MacKenzie married William or Harold Michael Bartley in 1925 in Victoria.
     Vera Mary Catherine MacKenzie married Arthur Miller on 18 May 1935 in Yarram, Victoria.
     Vera died on 11 November 1979 in Traralgon, Victoria, aged 74.

William MacKenzie

(6 March 1778 - 15 November 1849)
     William MacKenzie was christened on 6 March 1778 in Kilmuir Easter, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. William, son to William MacKenzie & Christian MacKenzie in Portlich was baptised 6th March. Witness: Al. Bain & Al. Fraser. His age in the 1814 militia list (41) suggests that he was born in 1783, but he may have raised it prevent serving. His siblings were variously baptised as MacKenzie or Rioch/Riach/Reach. Perhaps his father was illegitimate as he used an alias as did other members of the MacKenzie family in Portlich for one generation. He was the son of William MacKenzie and Christian MacKenzie.
     In 1801 Cromarty's population was 2208 compared with 1703 in Kilmuir Easter. By 1826 only 8.88% of Cromarty's population were Gaelic speaking whereas Kilmuir was still 77.82% Gaelic.
     William MacKenzie married Isobell Bain, daughter of Donald Bain and Margaret Ross, on 12 March 1802 in Kilmuir Easter, Ross & Cromarty. His grandson's obituary stated Mr Mackenzie's paternal grandfather, hailed from Delny, and married in Cromarty a sister of David and William Bain, also from Delny, who farmed Townlands, Cromarty, and were tenants of the Brewery and owned property in Trinity, Edinburgh, and Leith. William was a mason from 1803. Masons in Easter Ross earned 1/3 per day in the 1770s and 1/6 in the early 1790s. By 1837 masons were earning no more than 2/- a day on average. Masons only worked for about nine months in the year. It may be because of this that masons' daily rates were higher than, for example, those of wrights. Shortage of work also forced masons into a peripatetic existence. In the early nineteenth century they moved from job to job, spending their nights in ramshackle bothies with neither privacy nor comfort. See the author Hugh Miller's accounts of his days as a mason. In the 1820s masons diet remained based on meal rather than potatoes.
     He may have worked on Tarbat House in Kilmuir Easter, and then moved to Cromarty to work on Cromarty House and the new development of Cromarty under the Rosses after 1772.
Tarbat House, a 3 story mansion of classical design was built in 1787 by James McLeran for John MacKenzie, Lord MacLeod who died 1789. The house remained in the Mackenzie family until the death Sibell Lilian Mackenzie in 1962. In 1987 the house was subect to an arson attack and is in a state of disrepair. There is a fine view of Cromarty from the windows of the principal rooms. It was erected on the site of New Tarbat House built by George MacKenzie, Viscoutn Tarbat & 1st Earl of Cromartie in the late 17th century..
     William MacKenzie and Thomas Tindal were named in the militia list taken on 13 September 1814 in Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. William McKenzie, mason, aged 41 with three children under 10 at Cromarty town. His son's future father-in-law, Thomas Tindal was a mason aged 33. There is also a William McKenzie and John McKenzie, masons, under 30 in the Portlich, Kilmuir Easter militia list. Also in Portlich are a John & Donald McKenzie, labourers over 30, Donald is lame and John has 3 children under 10..      
William MacKenzie was assessed for the relief of the poor from 21 April 1846 to April 1847 in Cromarty. William McKenzie, senior, mason, was listed on the Roll of Assessment for the relief of the poor of the parish of Cromarty for the half year 21 April to 21 Oct 1846 and October 1847 to April 1847. He was first listed for £6 as an owner, then paid 5/3.
     William died on 15 November 1849 in Cromarty, Scotland, aged 71.
     Lisa McKenzie (McMurray) wrote: They named home in Cromarty "Calrossie" and it is believed to be associated with their life prior to coming to Cromarty. There is a Calrossie Farmon the Northern side of the Firth - perhaps they were tenants but I have found nothing.
I had my brothers DNA tested and found a perfect match at 37 markers with a Bruce McKenzie in Ontario, however there are no obvious details as to where this family connects with my own. My brother, Craig McKenzie in Australia and Bruce McKenzie in Ontario show DNAobviously of Mackenzie origin but in a group on their own in the current project.
I am sorry I dont have all the details of this Canadianfamily on me at present but essentialy Bruce's Ancestor - Roderick McKenzie, born 1823, and his family, immigrated to Canada in about 1840. Roderick's parents were John Mackenzie and Lidia Bain. This John was born in Tain in 1796. He was one of illegitimate twins (John and Christy) born to John Mackenzie (I like to call him dreadful John for clarification) and Margaret Ross. The Tain kirk session says: Donald Ross Tuanach (?) as sponser of the barstard twins begot in fornication with John McKenzie son of Alexr McKenzie chelsea pensioner in (Garve?) who to his disgrace has fled from the disciplineof the church and Margaret Ross daughter of the said Donald Ross and baptised John and Christy. Witnesses William Vauss and William Ross Otterach(?)
Given all that we have the following line:
Roderick 1823
John 1796
John circa 1765 - (dreadful John) He was a Mason working in Tain.
Alexander Mackenzie - So this Alexander was a Chelsea Pensioner living in Garve in 1796. I would put this Alexander as circa 1750.
I found one Chelsea pensioner who might fit the bill:
This Alexander Mackenzie was born circa 1750 in Rosskeen (Rosskenny?) and was a labourer. He joined the 1st Battalion Royal Regiment of foot in Edinburgh in about 1771 serving in Gibraltar (1771 -1775?) and the West Indies (1781?). He contracted Rheumatism and was discharged in 1786 after having been examined by the surgeon at Kilmainham Hospital (?Dublin) . I havent found links to any other families for this fellow. If no one else owns this fellow he might be my man.

There is also a grave at Contin that interests me:
This one in Contin: http://gravestones.rosscromartyroots.co.uk/picture/number738.asp
Alexander Mackenzie
......? placed here/by WILLIAM MAC/KENZIE in memory/of his beloved father/ALEXANDER MAC/KENZIE at A[t?] Cr[l?]cads/kory died the 31st/August 1811.
Not sure if you know who this fellow links to.

In Summary according to the DNA, somewhere in here there is a connection between these two families. Nothing else suggests any link after 1778. Perhaps William Mackenzie circa 1750 (Father of William 1778) and Alexander Mackenzie circa 1750 (father of dreadful John) were brothers.
DNA would say we are not part of yourfamily treehowever I wouldnt rule out an adoption or similiar..

Children of William MacKenzie and Isobell Bain

William MacKenzie

(15 January 1809 - 2 November 1877)
     William MacKenzie was born on 15 January 1809 in Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. He was the son of William MacKenzie and Isobell Bain. William was a mason by 1830..
     William MacKenzie was named in the militia list taken on 26 January 1831 in Cromarty. William jr, a mason, under 30.
     William MacKenzie married Isabella Tindal, daughter of Thomas Tindal and Catherine Ross, on 17 October 1834 in Cromarty, ROC, SCT. William MacKenzie did not a ppear on the 1841 census. William, Donald and their parents are out of the county for the 1841 census, although Donald may be at Avoch.      
William MacKenzie paid the poor tax between October 1846 and April 1847 in Cromarty. William McKenzie, junior, mason, P of Robertsons Mason Lodge, was listed on the Roll of Assessment for the relief of the poor of the parish of Cromarty for the half year October 1846 to April 1847. He was listed for £12 as an owner, and also £32 amount assessed, means & substance, tenants of lands & heritages.      
William MacKenzie paid tax in 1849 in Cromarty. In 1849 he was listed for £30, paying 10 shillings, 3 pence ha'penny along with his brother Donald and William senior, for £3/12/- paying 3 shillings, 6 pence ha'penny.      
William MacKenzie paid tax from 25 November 1849 to May 1850 in Cromarty. William sr & Donald, both masons were paying tax on £2/10/-, paying 3/6 each. William jr. paid 2/6 on £2/10/- value.
     William MacKenzie and Isabella Tindal were recorded on the 1851 census in Calrossie Street, Cromarty. William McKenzie, head, married, 41, mason; Isabella, wife, 39; John son, 15, mason; Donald son 13, scholar; William, son, 10, scholar; Catherine, daughter, 8, scholar; Thomas, son, 6, scholar; Isabella, daughter, 3, scholar; James, son, 1. All born in Cromarty. Also Hector Munro, lodger, married, carpenter, born Alness, Ross; George Ross, lodger, unmarried, born Alness.      
William MacKenzie and Donald MacKenzie was listed in the Valuation Roll from 1855/6 in Cromarty. William and Donald McKenzie (presumably the brothers) were listed in the Valuation rolls for Cromarty in 1855/6 where they owned and lived jointly in a house in Calrossie St, both being described as masons. From 1856/7 it was called Barkly's Lane. From 1858 Donald rented out part of his share. In 1871/2 Donald had 4 tenants and William had emigrated to Victoria. William MacKenzie was the informant at the death of Catherine Ross, on 19 January 1859.
     William MacKenzie and Isabella Tindal appeared on the 1861 census in 5 Barclay Lane, Cromarty. They had 5 windowed rooms plus four (apartments): William McKenzie, head, married, 50, mason; Isabella, wife, 49; Thomas, son, 15, pupil teacher; James, 11, scholar; Robert, son, 9, scholar; George, 5, scholar; Catherine, daughter, 17, scholar; Isabella, daughter, 12, no occupation; all born at Cromarty. Also David Forbes, apprentice, unmarried, 18, mason, born Rosemarkie, Ross; Jean Gilmour, visitor, unmarried, 18, domestic servant, born Forfar, Montrose. His brother Donald lived in the same building and his son John lived at no. 7.
     William MacKenzie was granted land from 1868 in Won Wron, Victoria, Australia, under the Selection Act. William Mckenzie senior also held 167 acres & 20 perches known as lot 68 - file no.11668/33 in the parish of Won Wron. In 1877 he was licenced for 30 acres at Won Wron, which was taken over by D T McKenzie. By 1880/7 it was leased or purchased by D T McKenzie. He built a 15 x 22 ft, 2 roomed timber house with slab floor and bark roof on the property to fulfil the lease agreement but lived on an adjacent property [Fern Bank?] with his son. Note that there was a hamlet called Heathfield in Kilmuir Easter.
     The Valuation rolls for Cromarty in 1868/9 list a William McKenzie owning a house & shop at East end near shore, occupied by John McKenzie senr, merchant.
     William MacKenzie and Isabella Tindal arrived per "Great Britain" in December 1870 at Victoria, Australia. In 1857 Donald Thomson arrived in Victoria and was followed by his brother William in 1863. Siblings Catherine & James also emigrated to Victoria in 1864, thus the family were reunited except for Thomas who may have died or moved away for a teaching career.
     William MacKenzie in Port Albert, Victoria, Australia, sent a letter dated 16 January 1871. Jessie MacLeod held a letter from William McKenzie to Mr Snadden (husband or father in law of his daughter Catherine) addressed from Port Albert.
     From June 1871 to January 1872 William, John & Robert McKenzie were listed as building Gellion's house "Woodlands". See the account books at the Port Albert Maritime Museum.
     William MacKenzie was granted land on 17 October 1876 in Won Wron, Victoria. William McKenzie's application for a lease by licensee, Care of D T McKenzie, Ship Hotel, Port Albert. - I William McKenzie of Won Wron being the holder of a licence to occupy the above - mentioned allotment, declare upon oath as follows: that I have paid £31/4/- being all fees due on the said licence... The occupiers of the adjoining lands are D T McKenzie & Wm McKenzie jr. ... Holds another 6 acres at Won Wron, cultivated with wheat, barley, peas & beans, being half a mile away. Residence subject to floods. The land has 70 acres enclosed the remainder bounded by the creek. Signed William McKenzie, farmer. 17 Oct 1876.
     William MacKenzie in Won Wron, Victoria, sent a letter dated 20 September 1877. Sir, Referring to your correspondence no. 30683 19/20 no. 76/11132 of the 30th December last in which I was allowed four months from that date to complete the fencing and cultivation on my selection of 104 acres in this parish, I have the honor most respectfully to inform you that the requirements of that letter were performed within the prescribed time and that I received my application for a lease of the said allotment in the month of April last, since which I have heard nothing respecting it. I am now anxious to know when my lease is to issue as I wish pay up the rent. I have the honor to be Sir, your most obdt servant William McKenzie.
     A report [ref 5964 held under Sect 19 26-9-73] on the improvements mentions a dwelling house 22 ft X 16 ft separated into two rooms, one with lath & plaster inside, two brick chimneys, slab floor, bark sides and roof. Cost of construction about £15. 5 acres cleared, 5 acres under cultivation - potatoes, English grass & clover. Mr McKenzie does not reside on this land at present but is improving his dwelling for the purpose of doing so. He resides on the adjoining allotment with his son. Believe him to be a bona fide holder.
     William MacKenzie made a will dated 6 October 1877 in Won Wron, Victoria. He left his estate to his son Donald Thomson with a life interest to his wife Isabella, his son William McKenzie appeared to be witness. Note that William senior used the Mackenzie spelling while William junior used McKenzie.
     William died of senile decay on 2 November 1877 in Won Wron, Victoria, aged 68. DEATH. McKENZIE. - At his residence, Wonwron, South Gippsland, William McKenzie, native of Cromarty, Scotland and father of the McKenzie family of Port Albert. Aged 69 years. He was buried on 4 November 1877 in the Church of England section by a Presbyterian minister, Alberton. A large memorial stone states: Erected By Donald Thomson McKenzie, Calrossie. In Loving Memory Of his father & mother, both of Cromarty, Scotland. Also of, his wife's father & mother both of Watford, England. And of his own five children who died in infancy.
     His will was proved in 1877 in Victoria. Probate was granted to his son Donald Thomson who completed the terms of the leases and received the grant of his father's 104 acres of land.

Children of William MacKenzie and Isabella Tindal

William MacKenzie

(28 January 1840 - 13 March 1916)
     William MacKenzie was born on 28 January 1840 in Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. He was the son of William MacKenzie and Isabella Tindal. William MacKenzie was christened on 16 February 1840 in Cromarty.
     William MacKenzie appeared on the 1841 census in the household of Isabella Tindal in Berkley's Lane, Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. John, Donald, William, Catherine, Thomas, Isabella and James were listed as the children of William MacKenzie in the 1851 census in Calrossie Street, Cromarty.
     He was not listed in the 1861 census with his family. I have found no trace of him between arriving in Australia in 1863 and his marriage in Albury in 1875 when he was an engine fireman.
It has been claimed that he selected Heathville in 1865. He is listed on the parish maps as holding lot 59D of Won Wron, ref:2516/19.20. Note that there was a hamlet called Heathfield in Kilmuir Easter
.
     William MacKenzie arrived per "Winifred" in April 1863 at Victoria. They was mentioned on 20 March 1864 in Port Albert, Victoria, Australia, in the Port Albert Licencing Books re immigration deposits.
     William MacKenzie married Lily Weston, daughter of Edward Weston and Anne Riddell, on 14 July 1875 in St David's Manse, Presbyterian church, Albury, New South Wales. William MacKenzie, bachelor, engine fireman of Wodonga & Lilly Weston, spinster, living with friends, of Wodonga. Witnessed by Andrew & Ann Smith (her grandmother?). Lilly made her mark. He witnessed William MacKenzie's will dated 6 October 1877 in Won Wron, Victoria. William MacKenzie was registered in the 1883 electoral roll with John MacKenzie and Donald Thomson MacKenzie. East Riding of the Shire of Alberton: William, farmer, house & land, 1 vote. But which William is this? William MacKenzie and John MacKenzie were listed in a directory dated between 1888 and 1889 as William & John McKenzie, farmers at Yarram. However, note that William & John McKenzie were listed together as farmers in 1868, which predates his arrival. William MacKenzie and John MacKenzie were listed in a directory dated 1915 as John & William McKenzie, farmers at Macks Creek, Won Wron.
     William MacKenzie made a will dated 16 July 1915 in 'Heathville', Macks Creek, Won Wron, Victoria. This is the last will and testament of me William McKenzie of 'Heathville', Mack's Creek in the state of Victoria farmer I appoint my sons Thomas Edward McKenzie and Henry Refshauge McKenzie (hereinafter called my trustees) to be executors and trustees of this my will I devise and bequeath all my real and personal estate whatsoever and wheresoever situate unto my trustees upon and subject to the trusts hereinafter mentioned
To pay to each of my daughters on their respectively attaining the age of 21 years the sum of fifty pounds
As to all my household furniture and effects.... upon trusts to my dear wife Lily McKenzie absolutely
As to the dwelling house in which in now reside together with the garden and orchard belonging thereto and as to my buggy and harness and a suitable horse UPON TRUST to allow my said wife to occupy and use the same during her life.
As to all my personal estate not hereby otherwise disposed of UPON TRUST to pay my funeral and testamentary expenses (including probate duty) and debts.... UPON TRUST for my six sons Thomas Edward McKenzie, William McKenzie, Robert McKenzie, James Frederick McKenzie, George McKenzie, and Henry Refshauge McKenzie in equal shares
As to all my real estate (subject to the right of my wife ..
to provide for the board and lodging of my unmarried daughters and on the death of my said wife or marriage of any daughter then unmarried ...
Signed William McKenzie.
     William died of senile decay on 13 March 1916 in 'Heathville', Macks Creek, Won Wron, Victoria, aged 76. The Gippsland Standard reported: Sudden death: Mr. William McKenzie - The household of the late William McKenzie received a shock on Monday morning when the old gentleman was found dead in his bed. He was hale and hearty until after the death of his youngest, about 12 months ago, which very much changed him. He had always been of a quite gentlemanly demeanor. Peaceful in life, he passed peacefully beyond. Apparently in fair health on Sunday night, when his wife woke about 6 o'clock Monday morning, she found her husband dead.
The late Mr. William McKenzie was born in Scotland in 1840, and came to Victoria nearly 50 years ago. He selected in this district, and may justly be enrolled as one of its pioneers. His well cultivated farm at Macks Creek, Heathville, is evidence of his enterprise. He had twelve in family, six sons and six daughters. Three of his daughters have made homes in the district - Mrs Percy Moorfield, Mrs George Speed and Mrs. D T McKenzie. Three of his sons have enlisted, Robert, Henry and George, and being in camp, got leave to attend their fathers funeral. The subject of our notice had reached the advanced age of 76 years. The remains will be interred in the Yarram Cemetery today. The cortege will leave the homestead at 11 o'clock and reach the Cemetery about half past 12.
An inquiry was held on Monday morning, before Mr. James Farmer JP. Evidence was given that death took place apparently in his sleep. Dr. Crooks certified that the deceased was a frail old gentleman, and although he showed no active signs of degeneration of any particular organ, a quiet death from natural senile degenerative causes might easily occur in his case. A verdict was returned the death was the result of senile decay
. He was buried on 15 March 1916 in Yarram. Funeral notice: The friends of the late William McKenzie are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the Yarram Cemetery today (Wednesday) 15th inst. The funeral will move from his late residence, Macks Creek, at 11.00 am and will reach the Cemetery at about half past 12. Jas. S. Graham, Undertaker. An inventory of his estate was dated on 11 April 1916 His estate was valued at £5232/15/-.
     His will was proved on 20 April 1916 in Victoria. NOTICE is hereby given, that after the expiration of fourteen days from the publication hereof application will be made to the Supreme Court of the State of Victoria, in its Probate jurisdiction, that PROBATE of the WILL of WILLIAM MCKENZIE, late of " Heathville," in the parish of Won Wron, in the State of Victoria, gentleman, deceased, may be granted to Thomas Edward McKenzie, of 'Heathville' , in the said parish, farmer, one of the executors named in and appointed by the said will, leave being reserved to Henry Refshauge McKenzie, at present a member of the Australian Imperial Forces, the other executor named therein, to come in and prove the said will at any time. Dated the twenty-first day of March, 1916. B. P. JOHNSON, Commercial road, Yarram Yarram, proctor for the applicant.

Children of William MacKenzie and Lily Weston

William MacKenzie

(say 1750 - )
      William MacKenzie was also known as Riach in records. William MacKenzie was also known as Rioch in records. He was born say 1750 in Portlich, Kilmuir Easter, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. There were three contemporary William McKenzies in Portlich.
     As there were three contemporary William MacKenzies alias Rioch in Portlich our research pauses here until further records become available to determine which William was our ancestor.
William & John McKenzie witnessed the baptism of the child of William McKenzie, fisherman in Portlich and Ann McKenzie his spouse on Dec 3 1785, the child was born 28 Nov? He is too old to be listed in the 1814 militia lists for either Cromarty or Kilmuir Easter.
Kilmuir Easter's population in 1755 was 1095, increasing to 1703 by 1801. The Portlich area is now known as Barbaraville
.
     William MacKenzie married Christian MacKenzie, daughter of John MacKenzie and Isobel Young, before 1774. William was a fisher from 1774, in Portlich, Kilmuir Easter. Mowat, in Easter Ross states that in the eighteenth century the fishing industry in Easter Ross was a primitive affair. The fishers were scattered in small communities all the way along the shores of the firths and concentrated upon inshore fishing, rarely venturing more than a few miles off shore and often relying on the shoals making their way into the inner firths. White fish, herring and salmon were all plentiful and were pursued within these limits but herring, possibly the most important of these, could not be relied upon to re-appear yearly at the same spot, and such uncertainty combined with the fishers' inability to pursue the fish at any distance made the growth of a stable and prosperous fishing community more difficult. The fishermen based in the Cromarty Firth seem to have been particularly timid - partly, at least, because the easy availability of fish within the sheltered waters of the firth prior to 1774 had made it unnecessary to learn to face the rougher conditions out in the Moray Firth - while those from Tarbat and Fearn were rather more willing to venture from home waters to secure a catch. With the exceptions of Avoch and Cromarty the fishing hamlets were all very small. The standard boat was a low, open, clinker-built craft about 26 feet long, sometimes with two big square sails, but often relying solely on oars for propulsion. It was easily beached and harbours were not necessary. Those at Hilton in 1781 were manned by only 5 men, while some of the smaller boats from Tarbat which were only occasionally used for fishing were manned by no more than two or three. Fisher families tended to live in closed communities. As late as 1842 it could be said that intermarriages with the rural population are very uncommon; and it is seldom that the children deviate from the perilous craft of their fathers. They are characterized by peculiar notions and practices; and they have a certain feudal spirit, or pride of order, which tends to preserve them as a separate community.
In Easter Ross proper the industry was financed by the landlords. Fishing was rarely a full-time occupation. Agricultural services - providing shearers, making hay and carrying peats - were exacted and most fishers had crofts to supplement their winnings from the sea. Some fishers used their boats for freighting lime and peats for a good part of the year.
Another attempt to promote the industry was made by the Commissioners of Forfeited Estates who settled ex-sailors at Newtarbat, intending that they should become fishermen. The boats that the Commissioners supplied, however, were too small and the sailors soon gave up and left the area along with the rest of the proposed colony.
The end of the Napoleonic wars meant that the fear of press gangs was considerably reduced, while the introduction of a four shilling per barrel bounty in 1815 encouraged the growth of many herring fishing stations around the Moray Firth. Several good seasons led a company to set up business in Cromarty in 1819 on a larger scale than ever before. Within three years Cromarty rose to become the eighth largest centre for herring curing in Britain. By 1824 twenty thousand barrels of herring were being exported and two years later it was reported that two hundred women were employed in cleaning and salting the fish and that twenty-nine masted vessels lay in the firth waiting to carry away the finished product. While Cromarty was the greatest success story, there was a general increase in activity in this period and several fishing villages were encouraged by the construction of harbours.
Over most of the area, however, the boom was short-lived. Although the fishing industry in Scotland as a whole survived the end of the bounty system in 1830, the villages on the Cromarty Firth were badly hit, for the cessation of bounty payments coincided with the disappearance of the herring from the immediate environs of the Firth. While large shoals of herring were still to be found on the Guilliam Banks in the Moray Firth, directly opposite Cromarty, these were inaccessible to fishermen who had been accustomed to venture no further than ten or twelve miles out into the open sea. Their boats were not constructed to enable them to go fifty miles to sea and return with fish in a curable condition, even if it had been profitable for them to do so, and the profitability of the industry suffered with the decline in fish prices. The fishermen of Nigg who had made profits of twenty pounds and more in good seasons while the herring boom lasted had neglected the ordinary fishing and run up debts. When the boom collapsed they were left in poverty. As late as 1843 Cromarty fishers were still attempting to catch herring but with almost no success, although at that time the harbour was being used by larger French boats which were able to cure the fish on board.
Another attempt to promote the industry was made by the Commissioners of Forfeited Estates who settled ex-sailors at Newtarbat, intending that they should become fishermen. The boats that the Commissioners supplied, however, were too small and the sailors soon gave up and left the area along with the rest of the proposed colony.
     William MacKenzie was employed He may have turned to masonry when Tarbat House was rebuilt from 1787 in 1787.

Children of William MacKenzie and Christian MacKenzie

William MacKenzie

(3 February 1864 - 8 April 1864)
     William MacKenzie was born on 3 February 1864 BIRTH. On the 3rd instant, at Port Albert, the wife of Donald T. McKenzie of a son. in Port Albert, Victoria. He was the son of Donald Thomson MacKenzie and Mary Ann Hodgson.
     William died aged 5 weeks on 8 April 1864 in Port Albert, Victoria.

William MacKenzie

(20 September 1863 - 8 August 1941)
      William MacKenzie was also known as William Bannans in records. William was nick-named 'Black' Bill. He was born on 20 September 1863 at 3 p.m. in Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. He was the son of John MacKenzie and Catherine Ferguson.
     William immigrated with the family to Victoria, Australia, in December 1870 per "Great Britain". William was a farmer.
     William MacKenzie married Mary Appleyard on 25 June 1892 in Carlton, Victoria.
     William and Mary were registered in Won Wron on the electoral roll dated between 1908 and 1912. William MacKenzie was an executor of John MacKenzie's estate on 8 September 1915 in Victoria.
     William was registered as William Bannans McKenzie, farmer in Yarram on the electoral roll dated 1931.
     William died of senility on 8 August 1941 in Gippsland Hospital, Sale, Victoria, aged 77. He was a widower and his usual residence was Traralgon. He was buried after 8 August 1941 in Yarram.

Children of William MacKenzie and Mary Appleyard

William MacKenzie

(31 May 1850 - before 1855)
     William MacKenzie was born on 31 May 1850 in Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. He was the son of Donald MacKenzie and Margaret Holm. William MacKenzie was christened on 23 June 1850 in Cromarty. Alexander and William were listed as the children of Donald MacKenzie in the 1851 census in Calrossie Street, Cromarty.
     William died before 1855 in Cromarty, ROC, SCT.

William MacKenzie

(26 June 1855 - )
     William MacKenzie was born on 26 June 1855 in Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. He was the son of Donald MacKenzie and Margaret Holm. Alexander, Ann, William, James and John were listed as the children of Donald MacKenzie in the 1861 census in 5 Barclay Lane, Cromarty. William, John and Catherine were listed as the children of Donald MacKenzie in the 1871 census in 5 Barclays Lane, Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty.

William MacKenzie

(August 1893 - 10 September 1893)
     William MacKenzie was born in August 1893 in Fitzroy, Victoria. He was the son of William MacKenzie and Mary Appleyard.
     William died on 10 September 1893 in 34 Moor Street, Fitzroy, Victoria. He was buried in Melbourne General Cemetery, Carlton. He was in an unmarked grave, section 0.

William MacKenzie

(before 1735 - )
     William MacKenzie was born before 1735 in Kilmuir Easter, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland.
     William MacKenzie married Anna MacKenzie. William was a fisher in 1755, in Kilmuir Easter.

Child of William MacKenzie and Anna MacKenzie

William MacKenzie

(before 1755 - )
      William MacKenzie was also known as Rioch in records. He was born before 1755 in Kilmuir Easter, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. William was a fisher, in Kilmuir Easter, ROC, SCT.
     William MacKenzie married Lillias Munro.

Children of William MacKenzie and Lillias Munro

William MacKenzie

(27 August 1788 - )
     William MacKenzie was born on 27 August 1788 in Portlich, Kilmuir Easter, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. He was the son of John MacKenzie and Christian MacKenzie. William MacKenzie was christened on 30 August 1788 in Kilmuir Easter. He and William MacKenzie and John MacKenzie were mentioned in the 10 September 1814 militia list in Portlich, Kilmuir Easter, ROC, with John MacKenzie and John MacKenzie. At Portlich there were 2 McKenzies over 30 and John & William McKenzie, both masons aged under 30.

William MacKenzie

(13 July 1793 - )
     William MacKenzie was born on 13 July 1793 in Portlich, Kilmuir Easter, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. He was the son of William MacKenzie jr and Ann MacKenzie. William MacKenzie was christened on 15 July 1793 in Kilmuir Easter. He and William MacKenzie and John MacKenzie were mentioned in the 10 September 1814 militia list in Portlich, Kilmuir Easter, ROC, with John MacKenzie and John MacKenzie. At Portlich there were 2 McKenzies over 30 and John & William McKenzie, both masons aged under 30.

William MacKenzie

(between 1884 and 1890 - 14 January 1966)
     William MacKenzie was born between 1884 and 1890 in Scotland. He was the son of James MacKenzie and Anne Mackay.
     William died on 14 January 1966 in Christchurch, New Zealand. He was buried in Bromley cemetery, Christchurch.

William Alan MacKenzie

     William Alan MacKenzie married Myra Kent Willams, daughter of Richard Williams and Sarah Bland, in 1919.

William Bannan MacKenzie

(12 April 1929 - 23 September 2005)
     William Bannan MacKenzie was born on 12 April 1929 in Yarram, Victoria. He was the son of Robert George Ferguson MacKenzie and Ethel Maud Hulley.
     William Bannan MacKenzie lived at 95 Schotters Rooad, Mernda, Victoria, 1992.
     William died on 23 September 2005 in Victoria aged 76.
     His will was proved on 21 December 2005 in Victoria.

William Hodgson MacKenzie

(1870 - 8 April 1969)
     They went to live at Eilean Donan after their marriage in 1911. Many of the old trees that exist today in the garden near Tarra Valley were planted around that time. In the early 1920s they moved to a family property at Won Wron called Calrossie. Amy was an amateur filmaker and there still exists 16 mm footage of life at Calrossie. Amy & Bill travelled widely during their married life, including many overseas trips. In the late 1930s they returned to Eilean Donan to stay permanently... [The Garden at Eilean Donan by Jim Sinclair & Carlo de Angelis, Gippsland Heritage journal no.13 (1992) pp.51-53].
     Their home is now a guest house run by his brother's grandaughter, Anthea Albert.. William Hodgson MacKenzie was born in 1870 in Gippsland, Victoria. He was the son of Donald Thomson MacKenzie and Mary Ann Hodgson. William was a grazier in 'Eilean Donan', Yarram, Victoria, from 1911.
     William Hodgson MacKenzie married Amy Annie Davidson in 1911 in Victoria.
     William was registered as a farmer in Yarram on the electoral roll dated 1934.
     William was registered as a farmer in 'Calrossie', Yarram, on the electoral roll dated between 1935 and 1936.
     William was registered as a farmer of Tarra Valley in Alberton on the electoral roll dated 1949.
     William was registered as a farmer in 'Eilan Donan', Tarra Valley, Victoria, on the electoral roll dated 1954.
     William was registered as holding house & land in Pt Albert, grazier in 'Eilan Donan', Tarra Valley, on the electoral roll dated 1956.
     William was registered as a farmer of Tarra Valley in Alberton on the electoral roll dated 1960.
     William was registered as William Hodgson McKenzie, grazier in Yarram on the electoral roll dated 1966.
     William died on 8 April 1969 in Yarram, Victoria. He was cremated on 10 April 1969 in The Necropolis, Springvale.

William MacKenzie jr

(before 1765 - )
     William was a fisher, in Kilmuir Easter, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. He was born before 1765 in Kilmuir Easter, ROC, SCT.
     William MacKenzie jr married Ann MacKenzie on 16 December 1784 in Kilmuir Easter, ROC, SCT. William was present at John MacKenzie's christening on 6 March 1788 in Kilmuir Easter, Ross & Cromarty. William was present at Catherine MacKenzie's christening in July 1790 in Kilmuir Easter, ROC, SCT.

Children of William MacKenzie jr and Ann MacKenzie

William Mackay MacKenzie

(20 November 1871 - 4 August 1952)
Don Alexander, William Mackay & George MacKenzie
     William Mackay MacKenzie was born on 20 November 1871 in Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty, Scotland. He was the son of Alexander Holm MacKenzie and Isabella MacKay. Robert, Janet, Donald, William, John and James were listed as the children of Alexander Holm MacKenzie in the 1881 census in 4 Barclay St, Cromarty. William, Robert, John, Janet, James and George were listed as the children of Alexander Holm MacKenzie in the 1891 census in 4 Barkly St, Cromarty, Ross & Cromarty.
     Mr W Mackay Mackenzie, who is receiving the degree of Doctor of Literature from the University of Edinburgh, is native of Cromarty. He was a master of Glasgow Academy from 1897 till 1913. In the latter year he was appointed secretary to the Royal Commission.
     William Mackay MacKenzie and Janet Grace Mackay MacKenzie appeared on the 1901 census in 20 Wilton Gardens, Kelvinside, Glasgow, Lanarkshire. William MacKay MacKenzie, 29, head, born Cromarty, teacher of English, with Janet Grace MacKenzie, aged 22.
     William Mackay MacKenzie married Isabella Jane MacKenzie on 10 April 1902 in the Free Presbyterian Church, Stornaway, Inverness-shire. William Mackay MacKenzie was the informant at the death of Alexander Holm MacKenzie, on 19 July 1915.
     William Mackay MacKenzie lived at 21 Dalrymple Crescent, Edinburgh, 19 July 1915. William was an historian and archaeologist. He was Secretary of the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland for 22 years and a notable historian and archaeologist. He was the subject of a talk by the RCAHMS in Nov 1998: Cromarty's history Man, Dr William Mackay Mackenzie 1872-1952. He wrote: Cromarty, its old chapels and parish church published Edinbrugh, Scottish Ecclesiastical Society, 1905 and Hugh Miller, London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1905 and 'The old sheriffdom of Cromarty' reprinted from the Northern chronicle, Inverness which was published in Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness, 30 (1924) pp 329-59j and 'The Royal burgh of Cromarty and the breaking of the burgh' in Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness, 31 (1927) pp 289-325.
     He was also an author, poet and journalist, having 50 titles in the National Library of Scotland. He was supposedly related to Compton MacKenzie and Eric Linklater. See also http://www.ambaile.org.uk/en/literary-landscapes/intermediate.jsp?LiteraryLandscapeID=94 and http://www.nationalgalleries.org/collection/artists-a-z/F/3292/artist_name/David%20Foggie/record_id/23611.
     William Mackay MacKenzie lived at Calrossie, Cromarty, 1952.
     William died on 4 August 1952 in the Northern Infirmary, Inverness, aged 80. He was described as an historian and archaeologist at his death. He was buried in the Gaelic churchyard, Cromarty.

William Noble MacKenzie

(6 September 1895 - 17 November 1988)
     William Noble MacKenzie was born on 6 September 1895.
     William Noble MacKenzie married Vera Alice Ellen Cocksedge, daughter of Albert Cocksedge and Ada Ellen Moorfield, on 24 December 1928 in Victoria.
     William died on 17 November 1988 aged 93.

William Weston MacKenzie

(13 December 1879 - 9 January 1969)
     William Weston MacKenzie was born on 13 December 1879 in Macks Creek, Won Wron, Victoria. He was the elder of the twins, but is named second in his father's will. He was the son of William MacKenzie and Lily Weston. William was a farmer in Macks Creek, Won Wron.
     William Weston MacKenzie married Daisy May King in 1920 in Victoria. Daisy arrived in the area to teach piano and singing to Molly McKenzie and her sisters Jean and Annie.
     William was registered as William jr., farmer, owner of and at Bulga, with 1 vote in Macks Creek, Won Wron, Victoria, on the electoral roll dated 1934.
     William was registered as a farmer in Macks Creek, Won Wron , on the electoral roll dated 1949.
     William was registered as a farmer in Macks Creek, Won Wron , on the electoral roll dated 1954.
     William was registered as a farmer in Macks Creek, Won Wron , on the electoral roll dated 1960.
     William was registered as William McKenzie, jr., farmer in Macks Creek on the electoral roll dated 1966.
     William died on 9 January 1969 in Macks Creek, Won Wron , aged 89. He was buried on 10 January 1969 in Yarram.

Alfred Mackglew

(14 March 1838 - June 1891)
     Alfred Mackglew was born on 14 March 1838 in 4 Baldwin St, Clerkenwell, St Luke RD. He was the son of William John Mackglew and Eliza Whitbread.
     Alfred Mackglew appeared on the 1841 census in the household of William John Mackglew and Eliza Whitbread in 7 Queens Head Walk, Shoreditch, London. Eliza, Frederick, Louisa, Alfred, Josiah and Martha were listed as the children of William John Mackglew in the 1851 census in 41 Ely Place, St Leonard Shoreditch, Tower Hamlets, Middlesex. Alfred was a housepainter & decorator.
     Alfred Mackglew married Eliza Charlotte Carter on 16 July 1865 in St Philip's church, Bethnal Green, London.
     Alfred Mackglew and Eliza Charlotte Carter appeared on the 1871 census in 133 St Johns Rd, Shoreditch, Middlesex. Alfred McClew, head, 31, house painter, born Shoreditch; his wife Eliza, 20, dress maker, born Lambeth, Surrey, daughter Roselin, 5, son Arthur 6 months, both born at Shoreditch, and a lodger Sarah Carter, 18, dress maker, born Shoreditch.
     Alfred Mackglew and Eliza Charlotte Carter appeared on the 1881 census in 2 Great James St, Shoreditch, London. Alfred McClew, married, 43, born Clerkenwell, Middlesex. Head, Journeyman house decorator; Eliza McClew, 32, born Southwark, Surrey, Wife, Dressmaker; Arthur McClew, 10, born Shoreditch, Son, scholar; Florence McClew, 8, born Shoreditch, daughter, scholar; Alice McClew, 5, born Shoreditch, daughter, scholar.
     Alfred's death was registered in the quarter ending in June 1891 in Hackney.

Children of Alfred Mackglew and Eliza Charlotte Carter

Alfred James Mackglew

(March 1849 - )
     Alfred James Mackglew's birth was registered in the quarter ending in March 1849 in Clapham, Wandsworth RD, Surrey. He was the son of Robert Mackglew and Elizabeth Wilkinson. Elizabeth, Mary, Martha, John, Lydia and Alfred were listed as the children of Robert Mackglew in the 1851 census in 7 Bedford Row, Clapham, Surrey.
     Alfred James Mackglew married Fanny Emmeline Elton circa February 1870 in St Mary Magdalene, Munster Square, London, Pancras RD, Middlesex.
     Alfred James Mackglew and Fanny Emmeline Elton appeared on the 1871 census in 1 Augustus Square, St Pancras, London. Alfred J McGlew, 23? tea broker, born Clapham, Surrey; his wife Fanny E, aged 26, born Worster? Worcestershire; daughter [sic] Michael C, aged 5 months, born Highgate, Mdx along with Henry B Tidy, solicitors clerk and his family.      
Alfred James Mackglew emigrated from England in 1872 to New York, USA.
     Alfred James Mackglew lived at Bay Ridge, Kings county, New York, 1887.
     Alfred James Mackglew was naturalized on 24 June 1887 in New York. He was an English merchant.
     Alfred James Mackglew was found on a passenger list dated December 1912. Alfred J McGlew, aged 60, married, embarked at Kobe, Japan with 4 pieces of baggage on the steamship "China" on a trip to Hawaii and returning to Kobe.

Child of Alfred James Mackglew and Fanny Emmeline Elton

Alfred William Mackglew

(25 June 1826 - before 29 May 1827)
     Alfred William Mackglew was christened on 25 June 1826 in St Mary, Lambeth, Surrey. He was the son of Daniel Mackglew and Eliza Unknown (Mackglew).
     Alfred died before 29 May 1827 in Bermondsey, Surrey. He was buried on 29 May 1827 in St Mary Magdalene, Bermondsey. Alfred McGlew of Smith's Buildings, aged 1 year, 3 months.